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sapphire gemstone

Gems and Their Colors

We all know that gems come in hundreds of colors, ranging through the rainbow. However, most times we are unable to name a gem for every color. This article is going to show the many gems that exist, and listing them by their color. Being able to recognize gems by their color can help us to pick out jewelry,especially when related to birthday colors. All of these small tips many come in handy at one point or another, so it’s best to learn as many as you can.


Ruby – One of the best known red gems is the ruby. The rich red color makes them very desirable for jewelry and other unique pieces. The presence of Chromium is responsible for the rich visible color. These stones can be found all over SE Asia, Australia, and in some parts of Africa as well. Some museums feature rubies because they date back to times long ago.

ruby gems

These are some unpolished rubies that were found in Tanzania. Taken by Jarno.


Fire Opal – Orange isn’t a very popular color when thinking about gems, but the fire opal is one of the most beautiful in the opal family for this very reason. The fire opal doesn’t reflect several colors like other forms of opal, but sometimes green can be spotted on the outer shell before it is cleaned up for shine. The fire opal is usually found in Mexico, and comes in many beautiful shades of orange.


Citrine – Quartz is the second most abundant mineral on earth, and one of its many forms is called citrine. This soft-yellow gem is nearly impossible to differ from yellow topaz with the eye, but further measures can be taken to confirm its identity. Citrine is also very rarely pure, and usually shows some traces of amethyst. It’s most commonly found in Brazil.


Emerald – Chromium and Vanadium are responsible for this beautiful gem’s natural color. Emerald is another gem that was discovered long ago, and very valuable in today’s market. It’s rich green hues were found in many famous crowns of kings, queens, and princesses in times of royal governments. In the older days, most of the emerald came from Egypt, but today Colombia is the world’s largest producer.

emerald gemstone

This very green gemstone accurately displays the true color of an emerald. Taken by Muaro Cateb.


Sapphire – The lovely shades of blue can be found in sapphire gems found around the world. Corundum is the mineral which creates the rich blue found in the gem. Sapphire can be found in sediments and rock formations, but can also be produced artificially in crystal tubes. The naturally occurring sapphire is found in Southeast Asia, Australia, the Middle East, and even parts of North America. The stones found in different locations show a different color.

sapphire gemstone

The blue pendant at the bottom is a beautiful sapphire gemstone. Taken by Ed Uthman.


Amythest – Another type of quartz, this purple gem is considered one of luxury. The stone can range from light pink to a deep purple, but the ones with the deepest colors are the ones with the most value. This traditional stone is well known as the gem for the month of February. It was found in large quantity in Brazil, and since then, it is not worth as much as it once was.

Knowing a stone for each color is a great start to the beginning of the world of gems. These simple gems can lead you to the next step of becoming a master in the world of gems and other stones. Having common knowledge on the colors can help anyone who wants to learn more, and is even great for basic education.